So far, we all think about AI (artificial intelligence) as something possible but distant that we only see in science fiction movies.
Although the AI is still in an initial phase, the AI is already here.
Artificial intelligence is a branch of the computer science that aims to create smart machines and in the last years it has already become an essential part of the technology industry. Artificial intelligence is highly technical and specialized. The core problems of artificial intelligence include programming computers for certain traits as: knowledge, learning, reasoning, problem solving, perception and planning, and more.
DIFFERENT KINDS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
The computer science experts Peter Norvig and Stuart Russell differentiate four kinds of artificial intelligence:
- Systems that think like humans: automate activities such as decision making, problem solving and learning. An example are the artificial neural networks.
- Systems that act like humans: these are computers that perform tasks in a similar way to how people do. It is the case of the robots.
- Systems that think rationally: they try to emulate the rational logical thinking of humans. They investigate how to make machines to can perceive, reason and act accordingly. The expert systems are included in this group.
- Systems that act rationally: ideally, they are those that try to rationally imitate human behavior, like the intelligent agents.
Where can we see the artificial intelligence today?
The AI is present in the facial detection of mobiles, in virtual voice assistants such as Google now, Siri from Apple, Alexa from Amazon, Cortana from Microsoft and our dear Vision that isright now in a corner of this Web page waiting for you to say hello. Another good example is
Gmail: Have you ever wondered why google anti-spam system is the best of the planet? Gmail uses machine learning to control the spam. The system understands and learns from past examples, to make future decisions based on them. In addition, Google recently announced the incorporation of the Smart Reply function, which responds to emails in a similar way to how the user would do it. What this function does is analyze all your previous conversations, putting particular attention in your way of responding. It generate a predictive algorithm that allows it to create short answers and even some complex sentences.
Tesla, one of the technological leaders of the car industry, is not manufacturing simple cars. They do smart cars with predictive capabilities. One of the most remarkable characteristics of their cars is their ability of autopilot, plus a variety of technological innovations like their automotive system that is able to update the models continuously through “the cloud” so basically the cars learn for themselves. For this reasons that already have received a lot of prizes. You could think that
Google Translate works based on orthographic and grammatical rules, but the reality is that in order to do the translations it does a statistical analysis of patterns that exist in millions of previously translated documents. And that is possible due to artificial intelligence that it uses. AI is the reason why
Facebook presents attractive and relevant content in the news section (News Feed) according to your preferences. It does so by analyzing your behavior and participation within the social network, interpreting your interactions (“likes”, “shares”, comments, etc) and interests, deriving in more similar content.
Spotify, Netflix, there are many other multinationals that are currently using and developing artificial intelligence, in a bigger or lesser way. All the above examples are only practical cases of which we are part in the day to day without even knowing it.
THE ”SIX LAWS OF ROBOTICS” PROPOSED BY THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT
No … this is not a joke. This vertiginous irruption of AI and robotics in our society has led international organizations to consider the need to create official regulations and avoid possible future problems.
- The robots must have an emergency switch to avoid any dangerous situation.
- Robots can’t harm human beings. Robotics must be specifically designed to help and protect people.
- Emotional relationships can not be allowed.
- An insurance for the largest machines will be mandatory and in the event of any material damage, the owners will assume the costs.
- Their rights and obligations will be legally classified.
- The machines will pay social security. Their arrival into the working market will impact over the labor of many companies. The robots must pay taxes to subsidize the aid of the unemployed.
Robots and AI are already changing the world and the figures are the best example: the US consultancy Gartner predicts that by 2020 85% of the interaction with customers will be managed by IA and, overall, it is estimated that the market of the IA could reach 127,000 million dollars in 2025. A figure much higher than the 2,000 million from 2015. Because of the amount of money that is beeing invested today, we can easily predict tha the United States and China will keep the lead.
There is also people who fear the possible negative effects of this technology like the Swedish philosopher of the University of Oxford, Nick Bostrom, who anticipates that “there is a 90% chance that between 2075 and 2090 there be machines as intelligent as humans”.
Or the one dearly remembered Stephen Hawking, who predicted that machines will completely surpass humans in less than 100 years.
Whatever happens in the future, the reality is that this generation is making a break with regard to Artificial Intelligence and we are the witnesses.
The AI advances very fast and it’s positioning as an essential technology for the coming decades. Safe, transport, education, health, culture … there will be no sector that resist AI charm